Is there a link between hot weather and the number of fires?
The summer of 2018 went down in history as the hottest on record for England. The notable dry and sunny conditions throughout June and July meant a higher risk of fires occurring. Did we see a large increase in the total number of fires recorded across Cambridgeshire & Peterborough? Data from Cambridgeshire Fire & Rescue Service has been analysed to produce an infographic higlighting the recent trends.
The data shows that despite the record high temperatures, the number of fires recorded across Cambridgeshire & Peterborough only increased by 2% in 2018. This continues the trend of annual increases seen in each of the past five years. However, it is the joint-lowest increase in the series. Nationally, the number of fires increased by 6% in the 12 months to September 2018 (compared to the previous 12 months). There were differences in the number of fires between districts, with South Cambridgeshire (45%) and East Cambridgeshire (42%) seeing large increases in 2018, however both had seen a relatively small number of recorded fires in 2017 compared to some of the other districts. Whereas Peterborough, which has tended to have twice the number of recorded fires than any other district, saw a 16% decrease in 2018.
The data can also be used to look at specific types of fires, such as the cause and where fires took place. The largest number of fires occurred outdoors (which includes grassland, parks and hedges) accounting for 43% of all fires recorded in 2018. The number of recorded incidents of this type of fire was the highest in the series, seeing a 24% increase from the number recorded in 2017. Whereas, all the other property categories saw a decrease in the number of recorded fires in 2018, compared to 2017. The cause of fires is not always known, although the number of recorded deliberate fires in 2018 fell by 14% compared to 2017. Whilst the number of accidental fires rose by 16% in 2018.
This data can be used from a Community Safety perspective to inform the Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs) of where they may benefit from targeted intervention looking at reducing the number of fires. It is used in Strategic Assessments that are produced for the CSPs, to help inform potential interventions. This may be through work in schools to warn of the dangers of fire, as well as highlighting the importance of having a working fire alarm. You can download these assessments here.
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If you tweet about this story or the infographic, please tag @CambsInsight as we'd love to see how the data is used.